Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. If taken in large doses, the depressant effects are stronger and may cause lapses in memory. Along with its needed effects, alprazolam (the active ingredient contained in Xanax) may cause some unwanted effects. The drug acts by enhancing the action of a calming neurotransmitter. According to eMedTV.com, more than 14 percent of those taking Xanax reported a decreased sexual drive while more than 7 percent reported an increase 1 2. The effects of Xanax are brief. Long-term effects of Xanax use include physical dependence and addiction. The elderly are also more likely to experience confusion and difficulty concentrating. Klonopin vs Xanax - How are they different? Chronic Trouble Sleeping 5. They have a calming effect on the central nervous system (CNS). Some possible side … Combining alcohol with Xanax can lead to dangerous side effects, including the possibility of a fatal overdose. Applies to alprazolam: oral solution, oral tablet, oral tablet disintegrating, oral tablet extended releaseAlong with its needed effects, alprazolam (the active ingredient contained in Xanax) may cause some unwanted effects. Note: This document contains side effect information about alprazolam. Mixing Xanax with alcohol – another central nervous system depressant – can lead to slowed or difficult breathing or liver damage, and places the user at an increased risk for overdose. Short- or long-term use of Xanax can lead to personality changes such as narcissistic personality traits, carelessness and hyper-confidence. Common side effects of Xanax include dizziness, dry mouth, drowsiness, cognitive issues, and slurred speech, but there are some effects that are rarer. Xanax works by binding with GABA receptors in the brain, which causes feelings of relaxation and sedation. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The likelihood of experiencing certain side effects with benzos like Xanax may increase if the person is using other substances such as alcohol or opioids like heroin, oxycodone, or hydrocodone. It is believed that excessive activity in the brain may cause anxiety or other psychiatric disorders. Some of the side effects of short-term Xanax use include physical and mental relaxation and reduced feelings of fear, agitation and anxiety. Alprazolam (Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam) is an anti-anxiety drug that belongs to the benzodiazepine class. Jack Gorman, a New York psychiatrist and the author of "The Essential Guide to Psychiatric Drugs," describes these effects as frequently occurring 3⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source . Increased Production Of Saliva 15. Long-term side effects of abuse may be avoided with proper treatment. Immediate-release formulations: The most commonly reported side effects included drowsiness/sedation, fatigue and tiredness, impaired coordination, memory impairment, and irritability. The second is a situation that many people are familiar with, but not many have seen up close: overdose. Like any drug, Xanax can cause a range of unwanted side effects, and long-term use of the drug is especially risky. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Not only can withdrawal side effects mimic being sick, but the symptoms that Xanax was originally used to treat (anxiety, panic, depression, etc.) In severe cases of benzodiazepine withdrawal, seizures can occur. All rights reserved. feeling light-headed. Confused 6. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Xanax depresses the central nervous system to reduce restlessness, decrease brain activity and slow breathing. The most common side effects include: drowsiness; dizziness; fatigue; insomnia; memory problems; slurred … A popular drug of choice for teens and adults has some pretty bad side effects when used incorrectly. Mixing Xanax with alcohol – another central nervous system depressant – can lead to slowed or difficult breathing or liver damage, and places the user at an increased risk for overdose.15 2. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Common side effects are fatigue, constipation, changes in weight, and addiction (dependency). Yet, although the drug works wonders in treating panic disorders, depression, and anxiety, it does have some negative effects in the bedroom. Xanax produces its calming effects by suppressing the inhibitory receptors in the brain and central nervous system to decrease the abnormal excitement in the brain that leads to anxiety symptoms. Side Effects of Xanax on the Brain. Elderly people tend to become more sleepy than younger people when they take Xanax. Lorazepam vs Xanax: What is the difference? Xanax, or alprazolam, is a popular anti-anxiety drug. [Ref], Very common (10% or more): Sedation (up to 77%), drowsiness (up to 76.8%), impaired coordination (up to 40.1%), memory impairment (up to 33.1%), dizziness (up to 29.8%), lightheadedness (up to 29.8%), headache (up to 29.2%), cognitive disorder (up to 29%), dysarthria (up to 23.3%), abnormal voluntary movement (up to 17.3%), Common (1% to 10%): Abnormal coordination, akathisia, ataxia, attention disturbance, balance disorder, hypersomnia, lethargy, paresthesia, somnolence, syncope, tremor, vasomotor disturbances, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Amnesia, autonomic manifestations, coordination disorders, intellectual impairment, stimulation, Frequency not reported: Concentration difficulties, convulsions, dystonia, loss of coordination, seizures, sleepiness, slurred speech, taste alterations, transient amnesia, withdrawal seizures, Postmarketing reports: Autonomic nervous system imbalance, psychomotor hyperactivity, Very common (10% or more): Sedation (up to 45.2%), tremor (up to 28.2%), headache (up to 26.5%), somnolence (up to 23%), memory impairment (up to 15.4%), dysarthria (up to 10.9%), Common (1% to 10%): Abnormal coordination, ataxia, balance impaired, disturbance in attention, dizziness, dyskinesia, hypersomnia, hypoesthesia, lethargy, mental impairment, paresthesia, vertigo, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Amnesia, clumsiness, depressed level of consciousness, hangover, hypotonia, stupor, syncope, Frequency not reported: Stimulation, withdrawal seizures[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Fatigue and tiredness (up to 49%), Common (1% to 10%): Feeling warm, tinnitus, weakness, Frequency not reported: Rebound phenomena, Very common (10% or more): Fatigue (up to 13.9%), Common (1% to 10%): Malaise, road traffic accident, weakness, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Asthenia, ear pain, fall, feeling drunk, feeling hot and cold, feeling jittery, feeling of relaxation, increased energy, loss of control of legs, pyrexia, rigors, sluggishness, tinnitus, Frequency not reported: Paradoxical reactions[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Irritability (up to 33.1%), insomnia (up to 29.5%), anxiety (up to 19.2%), decreased libido (up to 14%), depression (up to 13.9%), confusional state (up to 10.4%), Common (1% to 10%): Agitation, change in libido (not specified), confusion, derealization, disinhibition, disorientation, dream abnormalities, fear, increased libido, nervousness, talkativeness, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Adverse behavioral effects, altered mood, concentration difficulties, hallucinations, Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Hypomania, mania, other adverse behavioral effects, Frequency not reported: Abuse, aggressive or hostile behavior, aggressiveness/aggression, anterograde amnesia, delusion, depersonalization, dysphoria/mild dysphoria, hostility, inappropriate behavior, intrusive thoughts, nightmares, physical dependence, primary/secondary major depressive disorders, psychic dependence, psychoses, rage, restlessness, suicide, withdrawal symptoms, Postmarketing reports: Abnormal thinking, anger, libido disorder, Very common (10% or more): Insomnia (up to 24.2%), nervousness (up to 21.8%), depression (up to 12.1%), Common (1% to 10%): Agitation, anxiety, confusion, depersonalization, depressed mood, derealization, disorientation, irritability, libido decreased/increased, nightmare, restlessness, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Abnormal dreams, aggression, anger, apathy, bradyphrenia, euphoric mood, hallucination, homicidal ideation, hypomania, impulse control, logorrhea, mania, mood swings, psychomotor retardation, sleep talking, suicidal ideation, Frequency not reported: Adverse behavioral effects, aggressive/hostile behavior, hostility, intrusive thoughts, other adverse behavioral effects, sleep disturbances, rage, withdrawal syndrome[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Decreased salivation (up to 32.8%), constipation (up to 26.2%), nausea (up to 22%), vomiting (up to 22%), diarrhea (up to 20.6%), abdominal distress (up to 18.3%), dry mouth (up to 15%), Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Gastrointestinal symptoms/various gastrointestinal symptoms, Postmarketing reports: Gastrointestinal disorder, Very common (10% or more): Diarrhea (up to 12.1%), dry mouth (up to 10.2%), Common (1% to 10%): Abdominal pain, constipation, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Dysphagia, salivary hypersecretion, Postmarketing reports: Gastrointestinal disorder[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Increased appetite (up to 33%), decreased appetite (up to 28%), weight gain (up to 27%), weight loss (up to 23%), Common (1% to 10%): Anorexia, appetite decreased/increased, weight decreased/increased, Very common (10% or more): Tachycardia (up to 15.4%), chest pain (up to 10.6%), Common (1% to 10%): Edema, hypotension, palpitations, Common (1% to 10%): Chest pain, hot flush, palpitations, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Chest tightness, edema, hypotension, sinus tachycardia, Postmarketing reports: Peripheral edema[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Micturition difficulties (up to 12.2%), menstrual disorders (up to 10.4%), Common (1% to 10%): Incontinence, sexual dysfunction, Frequency not reported: Menstrual irregularities, urinary retention, Common (1% to 10%): Difficulty in micturition, dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, sexual dysfunction, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, Very common (10% or more): Sweating (up to 15.1%), rash (up to 11%), Postmarketing reports: Photosensitivity reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Common (1% to 10%): Pruritus, sweating increased, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Clamminess, rash, urticaria, Postmarketing reports: Stevens-Johnson syndrome[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Nasal congestion (up to 17.4%), Common (1% to 10%): Hyperventilation, upper respiratory tract infection, Common (1% to 10%): Allergic rhinitis, dyspnea, hyperventilation, nasal congestion, pharyngolaryngeal pain, upper respiratory tract infections, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Choking sensation, dysphonia, epistaxis, rhinorrhea, sleep apnea syndrome[Ref], Very common (10% or more): Blurred vision (up to 21%), Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Increased intraocular pressure, Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Mydriasis, photophobia[Ref], Common (1% to 10%): Muscle stiffness, muscle tone disorders, muscular cramps, muscular twitching, rigidity, Frequency not reported: Musculoskeletal weakness, Common (1% to 10%): Arthralgia, back pain, muscle cramps, muscle twitching, myalgia, pain in limb, Frequency not reported: Increased muscle spasticity[Ref], Rare (0.01% to 0.1%): Abnormal hepatic function tests, jaundice, Frequency not reported: Elevated bilirubin, elevated hepatic enzymes, Postmarketing reports: Hepatic failure, hepatitis, Postmarketing reports: Hepatic failure, hepatitis, liver enzyme elevations[Ref], Postmarketing reports: Gynecomastia, hyperprolactinemia, Postmarketing reports: Gynecomastia, hyperprolactinemia[Ref]. 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And will usually disappear when a person stops taking the medication personal medication.... And anxiety is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice about side often., oral tablet disintegrating, oral tablet disintegrating, oral tablet extended release durations to the potential for harm an. Second is a neurotransmitter ( a chemical that nerve cells use to with!