1. What were its results? mamatarg10 mamatarg10 19.08.2020 History Secondary School +5 pts. Learn more. Aurangzeb would not languish in Agra for long, though; that same year, he was sent south to govern the Deccan once more. Aurangzeb regarded the power and influence of the Rajput’s as a stumbling block in executing his policy of religious persecution of the Hindus. Ask your question. The Deccan Wars, also called the Mughal–Maratha Wars or the War of 27 years, was fought between the The Marathas and the Mughal Empire from 1680 to 1707.It is the longest recorded military engagement in the history of India. from Northern India to the Deccan, where the Emperor went in. It is believed that extinction of the states of Bijapur and Golconda was a prior necessity for the destruction of the power of the Marathas in the Deccan. Deccan policy of the Mughal dynasty was weak during the reign of Babur and Humayun.When Babur attacked India there were six Muslim states, viz Khandesh, Berar, Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Golconda and Bidar and one Hindu state Vijayanagara in the south. Aurangzeb executed Shivaji’s son and successor, Sambhaji. Although Aurangzeb had a lot of success in extending Mughal rule north and westward, in 1652 he failed to take the city of Kandahar, Afghanistan from the Safavids. Aurangzeb, therefore, attempted to destroy the power of the Rajputs and annex their kingdoms. Deccan is English pronunciation of Dakkan ( or Dakshin meaning south) Deccan means five sultanates that were south of Mughal Empire. Punjab and Bengal were land of river network, cash cow of Delhi rulers. Log in. Aurangzeb: The Man and the Myth by Audrey Truschke. Answer: Aurangzeb wanted to crush the growing powers of the Maratha’s. Answer the following questions briefly: Describe the religious policy of Aurangzeb. It was partly responsible for the downfall of Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb’s dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result. Aurangzeb, in fact, did not try to change the nature of the state, but reasserted its fundamentally Islamic character. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. Further, Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy gave a death blow to the Mughal empire. Aurangzeb’s policy of religious persecution of the Hindus, who formed the bulk of the population of the country, hastened the process of the fall of his dynasty. Discuss. According to Babur the state of Vijayanagara was the strongest among them. with his family, his . Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy- Aurangzeb 1636-44 in the time of Shah Jahan By the time the Sub-South remained as the Subedar and made Aurangabad the capital of the South Suburbs of the Mughals. Moreover, Aurangzeb’s long stay in the Deccan (almost 25 years) neglected the administration of his empire in the North. Advertisement As these people were very strong and courageous and they also did not accept the overlordship of the ruler. There is simply no comparison between Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and Delhi Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (“Man of Ideas”) the two were totally different. (1) The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb had far-reaching consequences. The extension of the empire was also one of the purposes of Aurangzeb. Annexation of these two states brought the Mughals into direct conflict with the Marathas. From the above Rajput’s policy of Aurangzeb, has shows that the Mughal Relations with the Rajput during Aurangzeb had reverted the traditional policy of his predecessors towards the Rajputs. In accordance with Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy, he annexed Bijapur and Golconda. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy: The conquests of Bijapur and Golconda made the empire too big to be administered efficiently. Deccan policy of Aurangzeb had political as well as religious importance but was also very aggressive policy made by Aurangzeb. Discuss Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy - 21914972 bagelewala is waiting for your help. Religious Policy of Aurangzeb is one of the most Controversial topics from Medieval Indian History. Submit content. Aurangzeb marched into Marwar, occupied Jodhpur and imposed Jaziya on the Rajputs. Aurangzeb’s religious policy went through a number of phases: The phase of growing rigidity, which began in 1666, and included the re-imposition of jizya in 1679, has been highlighted by Sarkar. Aurangzeb’s religious policy was largely based on his analysis of the first half of Aurangzeb’s reign, which in his opinion was climaxed by the rein position of Jizyah (poll tax). Deccan policy of Aurangzeb had political as well as religious purpose. Comments are turned off. He was a strict follower of the Sunni sect, to the extent that he persecuted the members of the Shia sect. Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat.He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. What were the objectives of Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy? Question 9. The Mughal Deccan policy started from Akbar’s period as Babur and Humayun were only concerned with the consolidation of North India which was a logical step.Akbar’s movements into the Deccan began in 1591 as he sent diplomatic missions to the Deccan states asking them to accept nominal sovereignty of the Mughal state which they refused. Aurangzeb felt that he was superior not only had he become superior to administer the empire in a better way but also to protect and strengthen Islam particularly its Sunni faith. As a result of this, he lost the support of the Rajputs who were … Aurangzeb waited for an opportunity and he got it when Mir Jumla, one of the most prominent nobles of the Sultan, quarreled with him and sought protection from Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb Aiamgir (1658-1707) The main cause of Aurangzeb’s failure in the Deccan is to be found in the contrast between the characters of the Mughals and the Marathas, If the Mughals had been the same hardy warriors that Babur led from the valleys of the Hindukush or if the Rajputs had supported them with all their might, the Marathas would have been allowed a short shrift. The Deccan policy of the Mughals was guided by a number of factors like the strategic importance of the region, the administrative and economic neces­sities of the Mughal empire, etc. Aurangzeb wanted to destroy the powers of Marathas in the Deccan and wanted to annex the states which were ruled over by the Shias. Join now. Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. Answered Discuss the Deccan policy of aurangazeb 1 See answer Gov. In fact, he postponed as long as possible the decision to conquer and annex the Deccani states. Loading ... Aurungzeb and his Deccan Policy 2. of Deccan Important to view Aurangzeb's policies as rising out of complex motivations and factors, not merely due to his personality; Sources from. Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. After his accession, Aurangzeb desisted from pursuing a vigorous forward policy in the Deccan. Add your answer and earn points. Aurangzeb, when appointed as governor of the Deccan for the second time in 1652 A.D., again pressurised Golconda because it had failed to pay the annual tribute to the Mughals. Aurangzeb and His Deccan Policy. If you would like to contribute notes or other learning material, please submit them using the button below. AKBAR’s DECCAN POLICY Mughal advance to the Deccan. Aurangzeb was above all. Discuss the mughal campaigns in the Decca under aurangzeb Ask for details ; Follow Report by Adityaadi9941 24.09.2019 Log in to add a comment Aurangzeb and his Deccan Policy class-7 Kriti Educational Videos. The growing power of the Marathas and the suspicious attitude of the Deccan states towards the Mughals made Aurangzeb much more careful to adopt aggressive policy in the Deccan. Join now. According to the shara , in a Muslim state, the payment of jizyah was obligatory, for the non-Muslims. The Marathas were the only shield against the Mughals, and the Deccani states were not prepared to throw it away. Aurangzeb became the emperor after he won the war of … Aurangzeb's Religious Attitude and Policy. Log in. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. His father again recalled him to the capital. Religious policy of Aurangzeb was based on the Islamic theory of kinship. Aurangzeb reversed the policy which was enunciated by Akbar and pursued by Jahangir and Shah Jahan.The Rajputs were the greatest obstacle in his pursuance of policy against the Hindus. Aurangzeb wanted to end the independent existence of the states of the South, because it was impossible to eliminate the power of the Marathas without ending their existence. 2. 1. His absence also helped the rise of the Maratha power. Aurangzeb was started by Akbar and changed the Rajput policy followed by Jahangir and Shah Jahan. In June 1626, after an unsuccessful rebellion by his father, Aurangzeb and his brother Dara Shukoh were kept as hostages under their grandparents' (Nur Jahan and Jahangir) Lahore court. His long and tedious campaigns against the Marathas ruined the economy of the state. Decline of Mughal Empire. No wonder, V. King Jai Singh of Amer (Jaipur), Raja Raj Singh of Mewang and King Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur were the chief Rajput king during Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb's initial concern was to compel Bijapur and Golkonda to abide by the treaty of 1657 and to surrender those territories, which they agreed to cede to the Mughals in 1657. Aurangzeb was an expansionist and on one or the other pretext, he wanted to annex their kingdoms. This empire was also very vast and prosperous, so Aurangzeb wanted to have it under his control. Find an answer to your question discuss the Deccan policy of aurangazeb 1. Ask your question. If Napoleon could say that “It was the Spanish ulcer which ruined me.” Aurangzeb could also say that the Deccan wars not only undid his own work but also those of his predecessors. Because he considered Rajputs the biggest obstacle in the implementation of his religious policy. Failure of Aurangzeb made him anxious and he decided to force the issue. 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