The Great Mosque of Cordoba [named in español Mezquita – Catedral de Córdoba] is a complex site of extraordinarily rich history and key development in Muslim architecture in a Western empire. Thank you for reading my blog! I’m fascinated by this region of Spain since it has so many religious and cultural influences. Aside from that feature, these two magnificent structures have various other similarities as well as several distinct differences. Moving on through the interior we see further similarities between the two mosques. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.d. 14 Nov. 2014. Can’t wait to do some traveling in the months to come, this is so inspiring! Córdoba is a two hour train ride south of Madrid, and draws visitors from all over the world. The Great Mosque of Cordoba was constructed in 784 AD and expanded on over the next two centuries The interior of the mosque is famously colorful, containing piggy-back arches with horseshoe arches containing alternating brick and stone voussoirs, creating a red and white striped effect. Its so gorgeous! The Mezquita’s architectural significance lies in its being a structurally speaking, groundbreaking structure for its time. “Córdoba, Andalusia.” Wikipedia. In the 20th century it … “Córdoba: Historical Overview.” Spain: Then and Now. I wish we still made building like this. One reason is that the Great Mosque of Cordoba was built about 175 years after Islam began, making it one of the first mosques ever built. The evolution of the “Omeya” style in Spain is resumed in the history of the Mosque of Cordoba, as well as other styles such as the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque of the Christian architecture. This is right up my alley. “Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain.” YouTube. Wow. . YouTube, 6 Dec. 2012. Standing in the historic centre, it is one of the most beautiful examples of Muslim art in Spain. 13 Nov. 2014. Capilla de la Concepción de Salizanes o del Santísimo Sacramento. Beginning in 152 BC, in a city that would become the capital of the Islamic Emirate and, for a time, the most populous city in the world, a sacred edifice was erected that has fascinated the public for generations. The establishment of a great Mosque reflected this achievement. “Features and Characteristics.” Santa Iglesia Catedral De Córdoba. 11 Nov. 2014. In 1252, Alfonso X succeeded King Ferdinand III and received permission from the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to make the most extreme change of all: the insertion a full-sized Renaissance-style Catholic cathedral into the center of The Great Mosque of Cordoba, the removal of all but one minaret, and that one was converted into a bell tower. The Umayyad Mosque was completed in 715 AD, a full 69 years before the Great Mosque of Cordoba was even begun, and was the most prominent Islamic building of the time, serving as one of the main architectural inspirations for the Great Mosque of Cordoba. Gorgeous pictures! The mosque itself is a work of art! Beautiful location and wonderful photos. The original Great Mosque of Cordoba was architecturally innovative for a number of reasons, though it did have features and characteristics that were common to that era. . Spain: Then and Now, n.d. A Renaissance church squats right on top of what was once the most important mosque in the Islamic kingdom, making this building a must-see for anyone visiting Córdoba. Both have enclosed courtyards, rectangular prayer halls and repeating abstract patterns adorning the walls. Web. It had been defying precedents. At Córdoba the earliest section of the Great Mosque was built in 785–786. Desiring the magnificent edifice for their new place of worship, the local bishop ritualistically cleansed the building and declared it a Catholic cathedral. The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. This is one of the funnest history lesson have had and i am not usually one to sit down and read it, the buildings look amazing the photos are just captivating. Just, wow. This, though, is the last feature which the Great Mosque of Cordoba and Umayyad Mosque have in common. The use of banded arches, spoliated columns with Corinthian capitals and hypostyles arches … An interconnected world is not as recent as we think. Nuns visit the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba on October 14, 2014. Web. And interesting point about Islamic architecture using floral motifs!! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The Muslim invasion of the Cordoba peninsula took place in 711 AD. N.p., 26 May 2013. The Great Mosque of Cordoba The Great Mosque of Cordoba can be seen as “the earliest extant example of Andalusi architectural culture”[i]. “Islamic architecture is unique in the non-Western world in that it alone – not Buddhist, not Hindu, not Pre-Columbian – shares many of the forms and structural concerns of Byzantine, Medieval, and Renaissance architecture, having grown from identical roots in the ancient world” (Trachtenberg, 215). A symbol and reminder to the world of the golden civilisation that Muslims built in Europe over one thousand years ago. 13 Nov. 2014. Only the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the Great Mosque in Damascus had vertical, navelike designs. What a beautiful structure! Abrams, 1986. The Great Mosque of Cordoba is one example of these interactions, serving as a visual representation of the political and societal history of the region. While the use of arches and columns was not unusual during and prior to the early-Christian era, the way the arches and columns were used in the Great Mosque of Cordoba was. To examine fully whether or not the Great Mosque of Cordoba was truly an innovative masterpiece, let us compare it to the other prominent Islamic structure of that time: The Great Mosque of Damascus, also known as the Umayyad Mosque. In the southern half of Spain, in one of the oldest cities in the region, lies one of the most unique structures in religious history. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Córdoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the time Muslims ruled Al-Andalus (Muslim Iberia including most of Spain, Portugal, and a small section of Southern France) in the late 8th century. Hopefully you will enjoy the beauty and the culture of the places I’ve seen as much as I do. Web. In 1252, Alfonso X succeeded King Ferdinand III and received permission from the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to make the most extreme change of all: the insertion a full-sized Renaissance-style Catholic cathedral into the center of The Great Mosque of Cordoba, the removal of all but one minaret, and that one was converted into a bell tower. I’m jealous of your travels. The Great Mosque of Cordoba is such a fascinating and timeless piece of ancient history. Examining the exteriors of each structure, you will immediately see some architectural differences. Gates, Sandra, and Megan Smith. “Umayyad Mosque & The Great Mosque of Córdoba.” YouTube. Thank you for sharing your very informative post! The elements that make this structure so important vary. My name is Erin and I’m so glad you decided to stop by. Córdoba’s Mosque-Cathedral is a stunning monument to the two religions and cultures that have shaped Andalusia: Islam and Christianity. . The last interior feature of the Great Mosque of Cordoba is probably the most unique, and shocking, of all. Mirmobiny, Shadieh. Constructed over two centuries, work began on the Mezquita by the Emir of Cordoba, Abd ar-Rahman I in 784 AD. Web. Ross, Nancy. In the 206 BC, Rome conquered the Carthaginian inhabitants of the area now known as Spain. We believe that the brilliant histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background. . Web. What wasn’t common was using a variety of designs for those arches. Aside from putting a twist on the traditional style of bi-level arches, the Great Mosque of Cordoba utilized a wide variety of arch designs and placement. I’ve really enjoyed learning about the history of the places I’ve been and really want to share what I’ve learned with others. As you can see, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is an architectural marvel that is both innovative and typical. The Visigoths were settled on … The Guardian, 02 Oct. 2009. Travel to Cordoba from Morocco. Learn how your comment data is processed. Web. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the time Muslims ruled Al-Andalus (Muslim Iberia including most of Spain, Portugal, and a small section of Southern France) in the late eighth century. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 June 2014. Skip the ticket line by booking in advance and then tour the historic structure with a knowledgeable guide. All rights reserved, Top 5 Reasons Why Travelers Should Be Living in Chicago, National Monuments to See In Washington, DC, Becoming A Travel Influencer: 5 Things to Know Before You Start, 10 Ways to Get Your Travel Fix When Stuck at Home, The Influence of Art on History, Part 3: Oliver Twist. It does not only represent the Muslim faith but is also an ancestor of other mosques in al-Andalus. 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